Preamble


Whereas we are all components of the Earth, and constitute an inseparable living community made up of interdependent beings that are inextricably connected by a common destiny,


Whereas our Earth is the source of life, livelihood and education, and provides us with everything we need to prosper,


Whereas mankind plays a decisive role in the basic conditions necessary for the evolution of life,


Whereas the ignorance of and disregard for the rights of all living things, as well as all types of aggression, exploitation and pollution, have caused considerable degradation and changes to our standards of life, and threaten the intrinsic equilibrium needed for the development and preservation of life on Earth, 


Whereas it is impossible to acknowledge only the rights of human beings without it resulting in imbalances that negatively impact the Earth,


Whereas in order to guarantee human rights, it is necessary to recognise and defend the Earth's rights and the rights of all other living beings that constitute the Earth,


Whereas it is urgent that we begin to take collective and decisive action to modify the entities and networks that cause significant damage to the Earth,


We, residents of Earth, proclaim this Universal Declaration of Earth's Rights as a shared ideal to be achieved by all people and all nations so that all individuals and all social institutions strive for building the respect of these rights and freedoms, through teaching and education, and to ensure that progressive national and international measures be taken to universally and effectively recognise and apply this Declaration.



Article 1.


The Earth is a living entity.


Article 2.


All living beings that inhabit the Earth represent a part of the Earth's inherent diversity.


The term, being, encompasses ecosystems, species and all other natural organisms that are components of Earth.


Article 3.


All life shall be honoured, respected and protected without regard to its usefulness to man. 


All beings shall have the right to dignity, to well-being and to live without being tortured or treated cruelly by human beings.


Article 4.


Just as human beings have human rights, all of Earth's other beings shall also have rights specific to their condition, and the role and function they fulfil on Earth.


Article 5.


The Earth and all of the beings that constitute it are entitled to inherent rights and are recognised in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind based on species, origin, or any other category.

Article 6.


Each being's rights are bound by the rights of other beings, and all conflict that involves these rights shall be resolved so that the integrity, equilibrium and health of the Earth is protected.


Article 7.


The Earth and all of the beings that constitute it shall have the right to live and exist, and the right to regenerate their biological capacity and the continuity of their vital cycles and processes.


All beings shall have the right to water as the source of life, to clean air, to adequate health, and to be free from contamination, pollution and toxic or radioactive wastes.


All beings shall have the right not to be genetically modified and not to have their structure altered, which could threaten their stability and their vital, healthy functioning.


Article 8.


All human beings shall respect the Earth and live in harmony with all the living beings that constitute the Earth.


Article 9.


Human beings have the responsibility to act according to the rights and obligations set forth in this Declaration, and to assure that the pursuit of human well-being also contributes to the well-being of the Earth, in the present and in the future.


Article 10.


Human beings have the responsibility to promote and to take part in the learning, analysis, interpretation and transmission of the ways of life that are in harmony with Mother Earth and conforming to this Declaration.


Article 11.


Human beings have the responsibility to provide their institutions with the power to defend the Earth's rights, as well as to establish and apply the norms and laws for the defence, protection and preservation of the Earth's rights.


Article 12.


Human beings have the responsibility of respecting, protecting, preserving, and if necessary, restoring the integrity of the cycles and equilibriums that are essential to the Earth, and of putting precautionary and restrictive measures in place in order to avoid the human activities that lead to the extinction of species, the destruction of ecosystems or the alteration of ecological cycles.


Article 13.


Human beings have the responsibility of promoting the ways of life and the economic and political models of development that respect the Earth and the rights recognised in this Declaration.

The Universal Declaration of Earth’s Rights


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